# Getting Started

Getting started with MassTransit is fast and easy. This quick start guide uses RabbitMQ with .NET 5. RabbitMQ must be installed, instructions for installing RabbitMQ are included below.

The .NET 5 SDK (opens new window) should be installed before continuing.

The source for this sample is available on GitHub (opens new window).

To create a service using MassTransit, create a worker via the Command Prompt.

$ mkdir GettingStarted
$ dotnet new worker -n GettingStarted

# Using the InMemory Transport

Add MassTransit package to the console application:

$ cd GettingStarted
$ dotnet add package MassTransit.AspNetCore

At this point, the project should compile, but there is more work to be done. You can verify the project builds by executing:

$ dotnet run

You should see something similar to the output below (press Control+C to exit).

Building...
info: GettingStarted.Worker[0]
      Worker running at: 03/24/2021 11:38:29 -05:00
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Hosting environment: Development
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Content root path: /Users/chris/Garbage/start/GettingStarted
info: GettingStarted.Worker[0]
      Worker running at: 03/24/2021 11:38:30 -05:00

# Edit Program.cs

using MassTransit;




 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




public static IHostBuilder CreateHostBuilder(string[] args) =>
    Host.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
        .ConfigureServices((hostContext, services) =>
        {
            services.AddMassTransit(x =>
            {
                x.AddConsumer<MessageConsumer>();

                x.UsingInMemory((context,cfg) =>
                {
                    cfg.ConfigureEndpoints(context);
                });
            });
            services.AddMassTransitHostedService(true);
            
            services.AddHostedService<Worker>();
        });

# Add a Consumer

Create a new class file MessageConsumer.cs in the project:

using System.Threading.Tasks;
using MassTransit;
using Microsoft.Extensions.Logging;

namespace GettingStarted
{
    public class Message
    {
        public string Text { get; set; }
    }

    public class MessageConsumer :
        IConsumer<Message>
    {
        readonly ILogger<MessageConsumer> _logger;

        public MessageConsumer(ILogger<MessageConsumer> logger)
        {
            _logger = logger;
        }

        public Task Consume(ConsumeContext<Message> context)
        {
            _logger.LogInformation("Received Text: {Text}", context.Message.Text);

            return Task.CompletedTask;
        }
    }
}

# Update the Worker

public class Worker : BackgroundService
{
    readonly IBus _bus;

    public Worker(IBus bus)
    {
        _bus = bus;
    }

    protected override async Task ExecuteAsync(CancellationToken stoppingToken)
    {
        while (!stoppingToken.IsCancellationRequested)
        {
            await _bus.Publish(new Message {Text = $"The time is {DateTimeOffset.Now}"});

            await Task.Delay(1000, stoppingToken);
        }
    }
}

# Run the project

$ dotnet run

The output should have changed to show the message consumer generating the output (again, press Control+C to exit).


 
 
 
 






 
 
 
 

Building...
info: MassTransit[0]
      Configured endpoint Message, Consumer: GettingStarted.MessageConsumer
info: MassTransit[0]
      Bus started: loopback://localhost/
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Hosting environment: Development
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Content root path: /Users/chris/Garbage/start/GettingStarted
info: GettingStarted.MessageConsumer[0]
      Received Text: The time is 3/24/2021 12:02:01 PM -05:00
info: GettingStarted.MessageConsumer[0]
      Received Text: The time is 3/24/2021 12:02:02 PM -05:00

At this point, the consumer is configured on the bus and messages are published to the consumer.

# With RabbitMQ

TIP

See the Install RabbitMQ section below if you need to install RabbitMQ before continuing.

Add RabbitMQ for MassTransit package to the console application.

$ dotnet add package MassTransit.RabbitMQ

# Edit Program.cs

Change UsingInMemory to UsingRabbitMq.









 









public static IHostBuilder CreateHostBuilder(string[] args) =>
    Host.CreateDefaultBuilder(args)
        .ConfigureServices((hostContext, services) =>
        {
            services.AddMassTransit(x =>
            {
                x.AddConsumer<MessageConsumer>();

                x.UsingRabbitMq((context,cfg) =>
                {
                    cfg.ConfigureEndpoints(context);
                });
            });
            services.AddMassTransitHostedService();

            services.AddHostedService<Worker>();
        });

# Run the project

$ dotnet run

The output should have changed to show the message consumer generating the output (again, press Control+C to exit). Notice that the bus address now starts with rabbitmq.











 



Building...
info: MassTransit[0]
      Configured endpoint Message, Consumer: GettingStarted.MessageConsumer
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Application started. Press Ctrl+C to shut down.
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Hosting environment: Development
info: Microsoft.Hosting.Lifetime[0]
      Content root path: /Users/chris/Garbage/start/GettingStarted
info: MassTransit[0]
      Bus started: rabbitmq://localhost/
info: GettingStarted.MessageConsumer[0]
      Received Text: The time is 3/24/2021 12:11:10 PM -05:00

At this point, the service is connecting to RabbbitMQ on localhost, and publishing messages which are received by the consumer.

# Install RabbitMQ

RabbitMQ can be installed several different ways, depending upon your operating system and installed software.

# Docker

The easiest by far is using Docker, which can be started as shown below. This will download and run a preconfigured Docker image, maintained by MassTransit, including the delayed exchange plug-in, as well as the Management interface enabled.

$ docker run -p 15672:15672 -p 5672:5672 masstransit/rabbitmq

# Homebrew (Mac OS X)

If you are using a Mac, RabbitMQ can be installed using Homebrew (opens new window) by typing brew install rabbitmq. This installs the management plug-in automatically. Once installed, type brew services start rabbitmq and accept the prompts to enable network ports.

# To install RabbitMQ manually:

  1. Install Erlang using the installer (opens new window). (Next -> Next ...)
  2. Install RabbitMQ using the installer (opens new window). (Next -> Next ...) You now have a RabbitMQ broker (look in services.msc for it) that you can log into (opens new window) using guest, guest. You can see message rates, routings and active consumers using this interface.
# You need to add the management interface before you can login.
  1. First, from an elevated command prompt, change directory to the sbin folder within the RabbitMQ Server installation directory e.g. %PROGRAMFILES%\RabbitMQ Server\rabbitmq_server_3.5.3\sbin\

  2. Next, run the following command to enable the rabbitmq management plugin: rabbitmq-plugins enable rabbitmq_management

# What is this doing?

If we are going to create a messaging system, we need to create a message. Message is a .NET class that will represent our message. Notice that it's just a Plain Old CLR Object (or POCO).

Next up, the AddMassTransit extension is used to configure the bus in the container. The UsingInMemory (and UsingRabbitMq) method specifies the transport to use for the bus. Each transport has its own UsingXxx method.

The consumer is added, using AddConsumer. This adds the consumer to the container as scoped.

The ConfigureEndpoints method is used to automatically configure the receive endpoints on the bus. In this case, a single receive endpoint will be created for the MessageConsumer.

The AddMassTransitHostedService(true) adds a hosted service for MassTransit that is responsible for starting and stopping the bus. This is required, as the bus will not operate propertly if it is not started and stopped.

IMPORTANT

This hosted service should be configured prior to any other hosted services that may use the bus.

Lastly, the Worker is updated to publish a message every second to the bus, which is subsequently consumed by the consumer.